COVID-19 Essential Information

COVID-19 Challenges

The coronavirus referred to as COVID-19 is especially challenging:

*much about it is still unknown

*its impact on individuals ranges from no symptoms to death.

What is widely known about COVID-19 is:

80-85% of people who are infected have no symptoms or light symptoms. These people are the most dangerous because they are unsuspected spreaders of the virus.

The average incubation period ranges from 2 to 14 days with the average being 5 days.

Once symptoms appear, you should stay isolated for at least 7 days.

After symptoms are no longer present, you should stay isolated for 3 days after ceasing all virus-related medications.

(The recommendation is 7 days from symptoms appearing or 3 days after symptoms are gone, whichever is longer.)

COVID-19 is spread primarily through respiratory droplets released into the air when someone coughs of sneezes, BUT-

The droplets can linger in the air for up to 3 hours and can also be released when someone talks. Consequently, if you don’t maintain at least 6 feet of separation, you can be exposed to the virus be simply speaking with someone who is infected.

The virus can survive on surfaces for an extended period of time ranging from hours to days.

Tylenol is the preferred drug for treating virus symptoms. Use of ibuprofen is not recommended because it can lower fever which provides the false impression that a fever no longer exists.

Across the state of Georgia, approximately 30% of confirmed cases require hospitalization.

Test results currently take 7 to 9 days to be returned because labs are overloaded and test reagents are in short supply.

The Best Defense

As has been repeated countless times, staying home and maintaining a minimum 6-foot distance between yourself and other people is the best line of defense against spreading or being infected by the virus. Additionally, repeated hand washing is also vital because good old-fashioned soap (any type of soap) kills the virus.

The best way to visualize that is to picture what happens when you pour oil into water; the oil separates and stays on top. If you then add soap, it breaks down the oil which then disperses into the water.

COVID-19 virus cells can remain stable for a relatively long period of time (compared to other types of virus cells) so washing or sanitizing hands as soon as possible after touching surfaces is extremely important. The lastest indications are that the virus is spread more frequently by people touching a surface on which the virus is present, and then touching their face.

Like other viruses, coronavirus cells are surrounded by a layer of fat and protein. When soap contacts the fat layer, it breaks it up, in much the same manner as it breaks up oil and causes it to disperse. Virus cells do not break up immediately upon coming in contact with soap, hence the need to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds. For maximum effect, after your hands are lathered up, pull them out of the water stream and continue to work the lather. After 20 seconds, put them back under the water stream and the broken-down virus cells will be washed away.

This video shows the process in detail- How Soap Kills the Coronavirus